(Chhattisgarh Vishesh Jan Suraksha Adhiniyam, 2005)
The draconian Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act, 2005, passed by the Chhattisgarh assembly in December 2005 and notified in March 2006, is a perfect example of legislation enacted in the garb of security and protection, leading to increased repression and suppression of peoples rights.
The CSPSA provides provisions that are far more draconian than any of the national security legislation and even authorises the police to detain a person for committing acts, which among other things, show a “tendency to pose an obstacle to the administration of law”. The act goes on to state that any person whose actions “encourage(s) the disobedience of the established law” will be considered “unlawful”.
Despite statements that the Act was meant to combat the growing Maoist threat, it is clear that this legislation is meant to suppress all political dissent in the state This is evident from the fact that Maoist groups were already banned under 2004 amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.These fears were galvanized with the use of the Act against civil rights activists such as Dr. Binayak Sen.